Nanofiltration: Spiral-Wound Elements
Nanofiltration membranes are available in many different configurations, including hollow fiber, tubular, flat sheet, and spiral-wound. When total suspended solids can be largely removed via prefiltration, Spiral-wound nanofiltration elements are often preferred because they offer a balanced combination of packing density (membrane area vs. module volume), physical durability, membrane life, and unit cost.
|Typical Operating Flux||Avg Lactose Rejection1||Avg MgSO4 Rejection2||Avg NaCI
|NFS||Proprietary PA TFC||100-250Da||30-40 GFD||99.5%||99.5%||50.0%|
|NFX||Proprietary PA TFC||150-300Da||20-25 GFD||99.0%||99.0%||40.0%|
|NFW||Proprietary PA TFC||300-500Da||45-50 GFD||98.5%||97.0%||20.0%|
|NFG||Proprietary PA TFC||600-800Da||55-60 GFD||60.0%||50.0%||10.0%|
1Test Conditions: 2% Lactose solution at 110PSI (760 kPa) operating pressure, 77° F (25° C)
2Test Conditions 2,000ppm MgSO4 Solution at 110PSI (760 kPa) operating pressure, 77° F (25° C)
3Test Conditions 2,000ppm NaCI Solution at 110PSI (760 kPa) operating pressure, 77° F (25° C)
Synder Filtration currently offers three different types of spiral wound nanofiltration elements, available in both sanitary and industrial grades and a variety of sizes. With a molecular weight cut-off between 150-300Da, NFX is the ‘tightest’ of the three with average MgSO4 and lactose rejection of 99%. NFW is the intermediary, with a molecular weight cut-off between 300-500Da and a relatively high MgSO4 and lactose rejection as well. NFG is the most open nano-membrane in the range, with a molecular weight cut-off between 600-800Da.
Synder’s sanitary nanofiltration spiral-wound elements are compliant with FDA (CFR Title 21), 3-A (Sanitary Standards No. 45-02) and USDA sanitary standards and are fit for use in a variety of food & beverage, dairy, and biotech applications. Industrial grade nanofiltration elements are also available.
Synder can customize spiral wound elements and even develop new membranes for specific application processes upon request. Please contact us to find out more. You will receive a personal response from one of our team members within 24 hours.
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- Definition of a Membrane
- Membrane Materials: Organic vs. Inorganic
- Pressure-Driven Membrane Filtration Processes
- Concentration Polarization in Pressure-Driven Processes
- Degrees of Membrane Separation
- Flux Behavior in Membrane Processes